Carbohydrates – Part of a Healthful Diabetes Diet:

Carbohydrates are the body’s main source of fuel and are necessary to maintain proper cellular function.

Individuals with diabetes must be mindful of how much carbohydrates they eat, therefore, the type of carbohydrates and portion size are what matter most. There are three types of carbohydrates: starches, sugars and fiber. It is recommended that individuals with diabetes should choose most of their carbohydrates from nutrient-rich whole foods such as fruits, vegetables, beans, whole grains and dairy products.

A serving of carbohydrates is 15 grams.
Recommended amount: this may vary
Women: 2-3 servings (30-45 grams of carbohydrates per meal)
Men: 3-4 servings (45-60 grams of carbohydrates per meal)

Exercise is an important part of diabetes management, as it helps to make your cells more sensitive to insulin and therefore better control diabetes. Exercise also helps to reduce or delay the onset of complications associated with diabetes.

Source: Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics.

By Jean Hoppe, RDN